About carbohydrates in the diet of people suffering from peptic ulcer disease
Carbohydrates are found in sugar, sweets, bread and bread products, cereals, vegetables and fruits. They are divided into simple and complex. The first include monosaccharides, such as glucose, fructose and galactose, and the second - disaccharides and polysaccharides, the most common of which are sucrose, lactose, maltose, starch, glycogen and fiber.
Carbohydrates are a necessary part of the diet of patients with peptic ulcer disease. They normalize the motor function of the intestines, ensure the release of bile from the bile ducts, preventing the development of bile stasis. However, it should be remembered that excessive consumption of carbohydrates, especially during the period of exacerbation of the disease, may increase neuro-vegetative disorders and symptoms of "irritated stomach": sweating, palpitations, hunger pains, dyspeptic phenomena. Therefore, at the initial stage of treatment of peptic ulcer disease, when there is an increase in all symptoms, the amount of carbohydrates in the daily diet is tried to significantly reduce.
In General, the need for carbohydrates of an adult whose work is not related to physical exertion should be at least 400-500 g per day (4.5 g per 1 kg of body weight), including sugar 50-100 g. The most favorable ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the daily ration -1:1:4, i.e. 1 g of protein recommended 1 gram of fat and 4 grams of carbohydrates.